From the 1630s to 1755, acadia was a region in what is now nova scotia, prince edward island, new brunswick and eastern maine now, acadia is anywhere acadians live, and acadians live throughout the world. The term acadians refers to immigrants from france in the early 1600s who settled in the colony of acadia, in what are now the provinces of nova scotia, new brunswick and prince edward island the colonization of acadia by the french started in 1604 at port-royal. In 1755, the deportation began from the chignecto region of acadia (nova scotia) on july 31, colonel monckton was at chignecto and had been advised that the plan devised to remove the acadians from nova scotia should be kept top secret. Historians disagree as to who bears responsibility for the great tragedy suffered by the acadian people what is known for sure is that the decision to proceed with deportation was approved by the council of nova scotia, and that officials in new england supported and facilitated the process.
British lieutenant governor charles lawrence and the nova scotia council decide on july 28 to deport the acadians the deportation orders are given on august 11, 1755, beginning the grand dérangement. The expulsion of the acadians, also known as the great upheaval, the great expulsion, the great deportation and le grand dérangement, was the forced removal by the british of the acadian people from the present day canadian maritime provinces of nova scotia, new brunswick, and prince edward island — parts of an area also known as acadia. The people of acadia, originally from brittany and normandy, were driven out of nova scotia in 1763 by the british many of them settled in the st john valley—which now forms the northern border of maine—while others made the long trip to louisiana (where their descendants are called. A region and former french colony of eastern canada, chiefly in nova scotia but also including new brunswick, prince edward island, cape breton island, and the coastal area from the st lawrence river south into maine.
The flashpoint came in 1755, in the border region between british and french territory at the isthmus of chignecto (the present-day border between nova scotia and new brunswick) on 4 june 1755 the british, with the help of 2,000 volunteer troops from new england, laid siege to fort beauséjour. In 1713, by the treat of utrecht, acadia became a british possession, named nova scotia france continued its presence in the region by retaining isle royale (cape breton island) and isle saint jean (prince edward island. The acadians had lived on nova scotia's territory since the founding of port-royal in 1604 they established a small, vibrant colony around the bay of fundy , building dykes to tame the high tides and to irrigate the rich fields of hay. The nova scotia council decided that all acadians in the chignecto region would be rounded up and deported, even if they or a member of their family had not helped to defend the french fort about a month later, on 28 july 1755, after meeting twice with the deputies of the acadian communities on mainland nova scotia, the nova scotia council.
The government of nova scotia supports and encourages survival and growth of the french language and acadian culture french schools, cultural organizations and radio stations are found in all the larger acadian communities, and a weekly newspaper, le courrier , ensures that people from different acadian regions can all share information in the. Acadia acadia the history of acadia, long an exposed borderland where new france and new england over-lapped, is indissociable from the deportation of much of its french-speaking population from 1755 to 1763. In 1621, a scottish nobleman reestablished port royal and changed the name from acadia to nova scotia, which meant new scotland the french regained the territory in 1632 and for the next three hundred and fifty years the acadian french participated in the establishment and expansion of canadian history. The deportation had already begun with acadians being deported from the chignecto region at beaubassin these lists contain the names of the men and boys who been summoned to the church, had heard the deportation order read to them and who were held prisoners in the church for one month until the ships arrived to deport them. For many years the french and british fought over acadia, which included nova scotia, prince edward island, new brunswick, parts of southern quebec and northern maine by 1713 the british took control and demanded loyalty from acadians.
The acadians (french: acadiens) are the descendants of the seventeenth-century french colonists who settled in acadia (located in the canadian maritime provinces — nova scotia, new brunswick, and prince edward island — and some in the american state of maine. Acadia, referring to the region surrounding the bay of fundy (or baie francaise, as it was known at the time) in nova scotia, was settled by french colonists in the 17th century it was isolated from the larger french settlement in the st lawrence valley and as such, operated mostly autonomously, receiving few immigrants from france after 1671.
A replica of the cross that marks the site of embarkation of over 2,000 acadian farmers, tradesmen and their families in 1755 based on the original deportation cross that was dedicatd in 1929 near the grand-pré national historic site in nova scotia, canada. Nowadays, the main acadian communities in nova scotia are in areas where the acadians settled after the great upheaval: argyle (par-en-bas), clare (baie-sainte-marie), chéticamp, isle madame, sydney and pomquet, not to mention the halifax metro region and the annapolis valley. The deportation of the acadia from the region of nova scotia was for military purposes this was the main motive other motives were to have possession of the fertile land, live in peace instead of living with traitors, manage and possess the colony without french interference and ensure that the british citizens from new england could also.
Acadia, french acadie, north american atlantic seaboard possessions of france in the 17th and 18th centuries centred in what are now new brunswick, nova scotia, and prince edward island, acadia was probably intended to include parts of maine (us) and quebec.
The year 2005 marked the 250th anniversary of the beginning of the deportation of the acadians from nova scotia and adjacent areas to points around the atlantic rim a defining moment in the history of the acadian people, the deportation also changed irrevocably the human geography of what is today canada's maritime provinces. In nova scotia in 1901 there were over 45,000 people of french origin, almost 10% of the total population the right to be educated in french and to have a french language media was a continuing.